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Rambután
RAMBUTÁN.
Introduction
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Rambután
INTRODUCTION
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The rambután or nefelio is a fruit that belongs to the same family as the litchi, the Sapindáceas, formed by more than 1.000 species of trees and shrubs distributed by warm regions of the whole world. In fact, by his aspect he is met also like "Shaggy Litchi". It is a question of a fruit dulzona, very agreeable to the palate and of consistency similar to that of the grapes. Also he is met in Central America like "Chinese small baby".



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ORIGIN AND VARIETIES


Native of Malaysia, the rambután, at present is cultivated in some of the areas of the India, Thailand, Indonesia, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Australia. The most commercialized varieties are: See Matjan, Seelengkeng and See Konto.

HIS BEST EPOCH

The rambután can be bought during the whole year.

CHARACTERISTICS

It forms: it is very small, oval, it is alike a hedgehog due to his skin full of wavy and straight hair when it is newly gathered or withered or blackened a few days after his harvest. In his interior it has a hard pip.

Size and weight: from 4 to 5 centimeters in diameter and 30-40 grams the unit.

Color: his skin is a brown purple and his pulp, of translucent meat, has a glassy white tone.

Flavor: his flavor is similar to that of the litchi; sweetened and with true similar to that of the almond.

For the correct storage and conservation of this fruit, before to his distribution, it is suitable to continue a few rules as for temperature and moisture. It has to support some 4-5ºC, with a relative moisture of 90-95 %.


HOW TO CHOOSE IT AND TO PRESERVE IT


On having acquired them, there must be rejected those copies that are damaged or with mold. If ambience is left to temperature without tippling, they dry off and falter quickly.


It is recommended to support them inside plastic bags pierced to avoid his deterioration. Down these conditions they can preserve storages up to a maximum time of one month.


For his consumption ambience has to be left to temperature until they reach the ripeness point.


Also, they can keep in the icebox for some days protected with role movie or freeze, and this way, they are supported in good conditions for months.



NOURISHING PROPERTIES


The water is his majority component. It is rich in carbohydrates, therefore his caloric value is high.


As for other nutrients, he emphasizes his vitamin content C, contributing also in minor proportion other vitamins hidrosolubles of the complex B, between them the acid fólico. The potassium abounds and in minor quantity other such minerals like the magnesium are present. Likewise it contains fibre, which improves the intestinal transit. The vitamin C intervenes in the formation of collagen, bones and teeth, red globules and favors the absorption of the iron of the food and the resistance to the infections. The potassium is necessary for the transmission and generation of the nervous impulse, for the normal muscular activity and it intervenes in the water balance inside and out of the cell.




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