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Papaya
PAPAYA.
Introduction
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Papaya
INTRODUCTION
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It is a soft, very juicy fruit and of buttery consistency. It belongs to the family of the Caricáceas, formed by 71 species of trees without branches that produce big fruits and grow in tropical regions of Africa and South America. There exist other species that belong to the same genre as the common papaya, from which there comes the papaya, which fruits are not eatable. This fruit fills the first world vacancy in what it refers to exportation.



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ORIGIN AND VARIETIES


It is original of Mexico according to a few authors and of the Peruvian Andes according to others. One believes that from Mexico, the cultivation of the papaya spread to all the tropical countries. At present it is cultivated in Florida, Hawaii, Eastern Africa, South Africa, India, Canaries, Malaysia and Australia. They emphasize the varieties Only, Bluestem, Graham, Betty, Fairchild, Rissimee, Puna and Hortusgred. The most recognized are Alone, which fruit weighs approximately 450 grams, with form of pear and hard rind, of sweet flavor and the variety Puna, both proceeding from Hawaii.

HIS BEST EPOCH

It is possible to buy it the whole year, but the best epoch to enjoy all his attributes is the winter.

CHARACTERISTICS

It forms: it is an ovoid-oblong berry, piriforme or almost cylindrical, big, beefy, juicy and ranurada longitudinally in his top part.

Size and weight: 10-25 centimeters long and 7-15 or more of diameter, his weight is about 500-1000 grams, going so far as some copies to weigh more than 5 Kilograms. In Africa, there exist dwarf varieties of approximately 300-400 grams in weight.

Color: it presents a thin skin and of yellowish, yellow or orange green color when it matures. Some varieties keep on being green when they are already mature, although in general the skin yellows with the maturation. The pulp is red orange or reddish, with a more or less intense tone. The papaya of red pulp is tastier.

Flavor: his aroma remembers to the melon, and the sweetness of his pulp, that of the pear, the melon or the strawberry. His interior is full of black or gray seeds of piquant flavor.

The epoch of compilation comes when the fruits begin being softened and losing the green color of the apex. The ripeness reaches to 4 ó 5 days of the compilation and the fruits take a yellow color. Some varieties as Betty do not change color. Due to his thin skin, it is a question of very delicate fruits, by what they are bruised easily. For it, they must be wrapped individually and be packed with cushioned by all the sides for his transport and commercialization. They must be supported during short periods of time to 10-12ºC.


HOW TO CHOOSE IT AND TO PRESERVE IT


The fruit that is green in the beginning is in the ideal moment for his consumption, so much from the nourishing point of view as organoléptico, when he begins acquiring a yellowish tone. It is frequent that some brown specks disfigure the skin, but this does not affect by no means to the quality of his pulp. The mature fruit yields easily to the pressure of the fingers, detaching the part of the stem a soft aroma dulzón.


The papaya is a quite perishable and very fragile fruit, due to his soft and thin skin, for it it is necessary to manipulate it carefully. When it is mature it has to survive in the refrigerator, where it will be supported in good conditions for approximately one week. If it still has not matured, it is necessary to leave to temperature his ambience until the green skin yellows. If this does not happen, it is a sign from which the fruit has been gathered too soon, and in this case, it is recommended to cook it as vegetable.



Composition for 100 grams of eatable portion
Calories 26,5
Carbohydrates (g) 6,3
Fibre (g) 1,9
Potassium (mg) 211
Magnesium (mg) 8
Provitamina A (mcg) 97,5
Vitamin C (mg) 82
Acid fólico (mcg) 1
mcg = micrograms
NOURISHING PROPERTIES


After the water, his principal component sound the simple carbohydrates, the majority, although in small quantities, therefore his caloric value is low. He emphasizes his potassium contribution and in what it refers to vitamins, it is a very important vitamin source C, as well as of provitamina A. It contains small quantities of one enzyme, the papaína, which helps to digest the proteins. The vitamin C intervenes in the formation of collagen, bones and teeth, red globules and favors the absorption of the iron of the food and the resistance to the infections. The beta - caroteno transforms in vitamin A in our similar organism this one needs it. The vitamin A is essential for the vision, the good state of the skin, the hair, the mucous membranes, the bones and for the good functioning of the immune system. Both vitamins fulfill also an antirust function. The potassium is a mineral necessary for the transmission and generation of the nervous impulse and for the normal muscular activity, it intervenes in the water balance inside and out of the cell. The papaya is a good source of fibre, which improves the intestinal transit.




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