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Handle
HANDLE.
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Handle
INTRODUCTION
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This beefy, tasty and refreshing fruit, it is known also like "peach of the tropics". He is the most important member of the family of the Anacardiáceas or family of the cashew, genre Mangifera, which comprises approximately 50 species, natives of the southeast of Asia and surrounding islands, except the African Mangifera that is in Africa. It is recognized at present like one of three or four thinnest tropical fruits.



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ORIGIN AND VARIETIES


His cultivation has being realized from prehistoric times. One believes that he is a native of the northwest of the India and the north of Burma, in the hillsides of the Himalayas, and possibly also of Sri Lanka. Today it is cultivated especially in the India, Indonesia, Florida, Hawaii, Mexico (the principal exporting country of the world), South Africa, Egypt, Israel, Brazil, Cuba, the Philippines and other numerous countries. Also there are more and more important productions in our country, especially in Malaga and Granada, where there happens in some areas a tropical microclimate adapted for his cultivation. Also they are cultivated in the Canaries.

Varieties:

IndiosSu flavor to turpentine is very pronounced and sweet. The length of the fibres and the color of the skin is very variable, of red to very red.

Indo-Chinese and Philippine: They are very sweet, without fibre or flavor to turpentine. The skin is green yellowish. The Carabao is the most important in the Philippines and, under the synonymous one of Manila, he is one of the most outstanding of Mexico.

Florida: the variety Haden is of skin a red color and high resistance, very important for his transport and with a high content of organic acids.

Of similar characteristics to the Haden there are also the varieties: Tommy Atkins, Zill, Torbet, Kensington, Irwi, Haden Glenn, Lippens, Go Dyke, Sensation and Osteen, Keitt.

At present there is investigated the development of new types of handle like Nomi, Tango, Shelly, etc.

Other varieties developed from the most important are:

Mulgoba: fruit of medium size, of form oval - globular, 9-12 centimeters long and 7-9 centimeters wide; strong, sometimes red yellow color in the apex and along with the stem, with superficial spots of small size and pale yellow color. The rind is thick, strong and tenacious. The meat, of orange yellow color, is soft, without fibres, of aroma and agreeable, but a little piquant flavor. Long seeds. It is cultivated in Florida, and also in Israel and Canaries.

Amini: of small size and form arriñonada; his weight is comprised between 170-200 grams and his dimensions range between 7-9 centimeters length and 7-8 wide one. Of yellowish green color, scarlet cloth in the base and with spots of pale yellow color; the rind is thick and of smooth surface. The pulp is of excellent quality, without fibres, pale reddish color and very juicy. Thin or egg-shaped seed. Also it is cultivated in the Canaries.

Pairi: of regular size, oval form, 200-300 grams in weight; 7-9 centimeters long and 7-8 wide. Yellowish green color, scarlet cloth in the base and small spots of whitish yellow color. Rind of average thickness. Pulp yellow orange, compact, juicy, without fibres, sweet and of marked perfume. Thick seed. Native of Florida, it is cultivated in Canaries, Israel and Hawaii.

Cambodian: regular size, elongated form, 10-12 centimeters long and 6-7 wide. Yellow green color with very few spots; soft and thin rind. Pulp of good quality, without fibres, of intense yellow color, very juicy; aromatic flavor, lightly acidic. It is cultivated and comes from Cambodia.

Sansersha: of big size, between 500-1.000 grams and with pear form. It is the 17-22 centimeters long and 9-11 wide one. Strong, slightly reddish yellow color, with numerous small spots of greyish yellow color. Excellent results are obtained in the conserves making and not so much for his consumption as fresh fruit; his pulp is beefy, juicy, without fibres and anything acidic. The seed is slightly curved and thin.

HIS BEST EPOCH

It is possible to find on the market during the whole year, since the different producing countries produce harvests in different epochs. Nevertheless, his exportation is not carried out, since it is a question of a very delicate fruit that does not support well the transport conditions. Therefore, the best epoch to enjoy them in our country is in winter.

CHARACTERISTICS

It forms: his form is variable, but generally it is ovoid - oblong or arriñonada, evidently smoothed, rounded, or obtuse in both ends, with a big, smoothed central bone and with a woody covering.

Size and weight: 4-25 centimeters long and 1,5-10 of thickness, his weight changes from 150 grams up to 2 kilograms.

Color: the color can be between green, yellow and different tonalities of pink, red and violet, dull or with sheen. His pulp is of intense, almost orange yellow color.

Flavor: exotic, succulent, very sweet and aromatic.

The compilation of the handle is manual. It is necessary to try always to cut the fruit with a little of stem, since being done to evenness one spills sap, what it harms to the fruit doing that it wrinkles and loses commercial value. The harvest in the plantations needs big care in the selection of the fruits that are mature, but that have not begun changing his green color. The surest method that one usually applies consists of harvesting a few fruits at the beginning of the period, as soon as his green color begins clearing up and leaving that they mature in a fresh place and drafty good. If they reach his ripeness point in more or less approximately 10 days, the harvest is ready to be gathered. The newly quiet handles, stored to 18-22nd C they reach the eatable soft state in 8-10 days.

After the harvest, fresh air must be supported, but not to too low temperatures. As for his storage, the conservation improves if the fruits are submitted to a pre-treatment by heat, to 38ºC, before applying low temperatures (5ºC). In the opposite case they develop damages for great cold more quickly.

Long storages, especially to low temperatures, diminish the content of sugar and acids of the fruits. For his commercialization they are packed in thin and drafty layers of special pasteboard or of wood which fund has a spongy material, in order to which they do not suffer any blow to avoid his deterioration. The quality problems are clear after the transport of the fruit by ship, when the time passed between the collection and the consumption reaches 35 days.


HOW TO CHOOSE IT


It must be an electric cord to the tact but without chafarse under the pressure of the finger. It is important to acquire handles that detach good aroma. If they are bought excessively green, the fruit will not mature correctly. If on the contrary they present big black areas, this can be an indicative of that are already spent. Sometimes the handle presents an external aspect with spots, wrinkled and his pulp is in perfect conditions. Also the opposite happens, and handles which external aspect is unbeatable can have the defective pulp.


The handle that is still green can be refreshed to delay his maturation; it is supported in ideal conditions up to 27 days if he surrenders to temperatures of 8ºC. If it is wished that to mature, ambience must be left to temperature so that it reaches the ripeness point, from which it has to be consumed in the maximum space of 5 days.



Composition for 100 grams of eatable portion
Calories 60,3
Carbohydrates (g) 15,3
Fibre (g) 1,5
Potassium (mg) 190
Magnesium (mg) 18
Provitamina A (mcg) 478
Vitamin C (mg) 30
Acid fólico (mcg) 31
mcg = micrograms
NOURISHING PROPERTIES


His composition is different according to the variety that talks each other, but all of them have in common his high water content.


It contributes an important carbohydrates quantity therefore his caloric value is high. It is rich in magnesium and in what refers to vitamins, in provitamina A and C (200 grams of pulp cover the needs of a person of the above mentioned vitamins).


The vitamin C intervenes in the formation of collagen, bones and teeth, red globules and favors the absorption of the iron of the food and the resistance to the infections. The beta - caroteno transforms in vitamin A in our similar organism this one needs it. The vitamin A is essential for the vision, the good state of the skin, the hair, the mucous membranes, the bones and for the good functioning of the immune system. Both vitamins fulfill also an antirust function. The potassium is a mineral necessary for the transmission and generation of the nervous impulse and for the normal muscular activity, it intervenes in the water balance inside and out of the cell. The magnesium is related to the functioning of intestine, nerves and muscles, is part of bones and teeth, improves the immunity and possesses a soft laxative effect. Also it contributes fibre that improves the intestinal transit.




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