Do-it-yourself Home economics Education Environment Engine N.Tecnologías Health Safety alimen. Solidarity Trips  Housing  
Practical guide. Fruits
Front>> The fruits one to one>> Tropical Pineapple and Pineapple Baby
Tropical pineapple and Pineapple Baby
As regards the health As regards the health
Curiosities Curiosities
How to prepare it How to prepare it
Recipes Recipes
Tropical pineapple and Pineapple Baby
To print

The pineapple belongs to the family of the Bromelias, which comprises approximately 1.400 plants species, almost all herbaceous ones, of perennial sheet and with very showy flowers. Some of them produce enzymes proteolíticas (that disintegrate the proteins of the food) and are located especially in tropical America.



The tropical pineapple comes from South America, specifically from Brazil. There it was where the Spanish and Portuguese settlers found it. It is the fruit of the plant known as Pineapples; the Portugueses keep on supporting this original name that for the natives means "excellent fruit".

Three botanical varieties of tropical pineapple are known: Sativus (without seeds), Comosus (it forms seeds capable of germinating) and Lucidus (it allows an easier compilation because his sheets do not possess thorns).

The principal producing countries are China, the United States, Brazil, Thailand, the Philippines, Costa Rica and Mexico.

The pineapple baby, it is a dwarf pineapple proceeding from South Africa, very aromatic and with the same properties of the pineapple but corrected and developing.


We can have this valued fruit in any season, since his cultivation is realized in very distant different countries geographically.


It forms: they are infrutescencias of oval and thick form.

Size and weight: the tropical pineapple measures approximately 30 centimeters and has a diameter of 15. His weight is about two kilos. The pineapple baby weighs between 300 and 700 grams.

Color: in both the pulp of yellow or white color is surrounded with bracts that form the skin of the fruit; in the top end the bracts transform in a showy crown of green sheets.

Flavor: the pulp is very aromatic and of sweet flavor. The small pineapples usually have a flavor more delicate than the big ones. The pineapple baby has the gustatory and developing properties of the tropical pineapple, corrected.

The fruit is mature when it changes the color of the rind of the green to the yellow one into the base of the same one. The pineapples are not climacteric fruits, by what they must be harvested when they are ready to be consumed, since they do not mature after his compilation. A minimal content of solid soluble of 12 % and a maximum acidity of 1 % they will assure an acceptable minimal flavor to the consumers.


The pineapples are mature in the moment in which the tops of the bracts change the green color to the orange one, although the color of the fruit is green.

If the end of the stem is musty or spotted, the withered sheets or the struck, better fruit not to buy it. His smell must be a sweet in the base and the rind of the fruit must not sink under the pressure of the finger.

The pineapple is a fruit very fragile and sensitive to the sudden changes of temperature. It is possible to preserve for some days in a fresh and dry place, although never in the refrigerator because it deteriorates to temperatures lower than 7ºC.

Once bare and cut, the pineapple can survive in the icebox covered with a bundle of plastic, although it has to be consumed as soon as possible. From the ideal ripeness point it begins to lose his succulence with big rapidity.

Composition for 100 grams of eatable portion
Calories 46
Carbohydrates (g) 11,5
Fibre (g) 1,2
Potassium (mg) 250
Magnesium (mg) 14
I iodize (mcg) 30
Vitamin C (mg) 20
Acid fólico (mcg) 11
mcg = micrograms

His water content is high. He emphasizes his carbohydrates contribution and of bromelina, an enzyme that it helps to the digestion of the proteins. In spite of his sweet flavor, his caloric value is moderate. With regard to other nutrients, he emphasizes his content of potassium, iodine and vitamin C. The potassium, it is a mineral necessary for the transmission and generation of the nervous impulse and for the normal muscular activity, it intervenes in the water balance inside and out of the cell. The iodine is indispensable for the good functioning of the thyroid gland, which regulates the metabolism. The vitamin C collaborates in the formation of collagen, bones and teeth, red globules and favors the absorption of the iron of the food and the resistance to the infections. The above mentioned vitamin possesses also antirust action, your fibre contribution improves the intestinal transit and he is of benefit to multiple alterations and illnesses.

Pág. 1 of 5
As regards the health

The fruits one to one
Let's know something more on the fruits
Personal questionnaire
The organic farming
Calendar of the fruits
What is this Guide?
To see everything on:
Foundation EROSKI He gains access to our accessible version and RSS : Do you want to know who are we? | web Map | Write to us
In CONSUMER EROSKI we - Sitemap - Contact us, legal notice. ©Fundación Eroski

Our Sponsor of the month