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Mulberries
MULBERRIES.
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Mulberries
INTRODUCTION
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The popular wild mulberry, it is in fact the blackberry, also so called black raspberry. It is a question of a fruit that grows in shrubs of the family of the Rosy ones, which includes more than 2.000 species of herbaceous plants, shrubs and trees distributed by the moderate regions of the whole world. The principal European fruits, in addition to the rosebush, belong to this big family. Likewise, they are included inside the genre Rubus, which does not ever have to make a mistake with the fruits of the genre Morus; Morus nigra and white Morus L., which grow in trees.



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ORIGIN AND VARIETIES

These fruits are native to Asia and Europe and they can be seen in the wild state in margins of ways or gorges. They grow in humid areas and in some cases, like the sloe brandy, they can be to 1.500 meters of altitude. They mature during the summer months and autumn. At present, species are cultivated with commercial ends, for what is easy to find them on specializing markets. The bilberry that is consumed in Spain comes basically from Australia, Chile, Holland and Italy, but every time they take major relevancy those who come from Huelva and Asturias.

More outstanding varieties:


It grows wild in many areas, flatness, mountains, forests skylights and especially in earrings and sunny margins. It is a fruit constituted by small drupes or grains that gather together between themselves. The first sound of green color, later red and when they are mature, they acquire a brilliant black color. More than 300 species of mulberry exist, although only nine have commercial value. On a global scale, the cultivation varieties come from the species Rubus occidentalis or from hybridizations with Rubus ideaus. In Colombia, the species cultivated commercially is the Rubus glaucus or it resides of Castile. Inside the cultivated mulberries varieties and hybrids exist with thorns and varieties without thorns. Also, inside this classification they differ commercially in sweets and not sweets. The three most commercial mulberries varieties are: Logan: there are a crossing between a blackberry and a raspberry, they are more acidic than the blackberries and less scented than the raspberries. They present a coloration purple and they are devoid of seeds. Young: resultant from the crossing between a bramble of the stubbles and a raspberry. It has aspect of elongated blackberry. His flavor is acidic and little scented. Boysen: crossing between the variety Young and the raspberry. They are of big size and his aspect is very similar to the raspberry. Tay: it is a crossing between the blackberry and the raspberry caused in Scotland. Scarlet cloth is big, acidic and of a tone.

HIS BEST EPOCH

They are gathered from the ends of August and in the month in September. They survive during 7 to 10 days in a few certain conditions of temperature and relative moisture. At home, it is necessary to preserve them in the refrigerator, where it remains in ideal conditions up to 3 days.

CHARACTERISTICS

It forms: it is a fruit of small size, round or lightly elongated, composed for small globules that contain in his interior a tiny, perceptible and sometimes annoying seed during his consumption.

Size: a length has from 1,5 to 2 centimeters.

Color: they tend to be of intense brilliant black color.

Flavor: it is sweet when it is well mature with acidic tones.


HOW TO CHOOSE THEM AND TO PRESERVE THEM


On having chosen this type of fruits, it is suitable to be fixed in his color, it has to be brilliant and intense. Road surfaces must be to the tact and dry seasons, since the soft and humid ones get damaged earlier. They usually deteriorate for dehydration, quitter of the small grains that form them or rust.


Normally the aroma accompanies to the aspect of the food and there are usually very perfumed fruits.


There must not be acquired the fruits that are not mature thinking that they will mature already at home, since this will not happen. It is not also suitable to acquire them too mature since they lose his juice.



Composition for 100 grams of eatable portion
Calories (Kcal) 35,1
Carbohydrates (g) 6
Fibre (g) 9
Potassium (mg) 210
Magnesium (mg) 1
Provitamina A (mcg) 29
Vitamin C (mg) 18
Vitamin And (mg) 13,3
mcg = micrograms
NOURISHING PROPERTIES


These fruits are of low caloric value for his scarce carbohydrates contribution. There are especially rich in vitamin C the black redcurrants and the red ones, which have quantities major than some citrus fruits. In general, the wild berries are a good fibre source; that improves the intestinal transit, and of potassium, iron and calcium (these two last ones of worse use that the proceeding ones from food of animal origin), tannins of astringent action and of diverse organic acids. Nevertheless, what in fact it characterizes to these fruits is his plenty of natural pigments (antocianos and carotenoides) of antirust action. In the human feeding, this type of fruits constitutes one of the most important sources of antocianos, who award his typical color and who are together with such organic acids like the oxalic acid or the malic acid, responsible also for his flavor. The vitamin C has antirust action, as the antocianos and carotenoides. The above mentioned vitamin intervenes in the formation of collagen, bones and teeth, red globules and favors the absorption of the iron of the food and the resistance to the infections. The potassium is necessary for the transmission and generation of the nervous impulse, for the normal muscular activity and it intervenes in the water balance inside and out of the cell.




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