Raspberry
RASPBERRY.
INTRODUCTION

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The raspberry known also like strawberry of the forest, is a beautiful fruit of the raspberry cane or sangüeso, plant that grows wild in all the countries of moderate climate. It belongs to the family of the Rosy ones, which includes more than 2.000 species of herbaceous plants, shrubs and trees that grow for the moderate regions of the whole world. The principal European fruits, in addition to the rosebush, belong to this big family. The raspberry is a fruit much used in hundreds of recipes that enrich the typical gastronomy of countries of the center and of the north of Europe.




ORIGIN AND VARIETIES


The red or European raspberry cane comes from the mount Gone, in Greece, where from one extended Italy, Netherlands, England and later to North America.

The varieties that at present are on the market come from the wild fruits tree red color (Rubus idaeus), which is in Europe and of the species and varieties of red and black color of the north of America; such like: Rubus strigosus (wild raspberry cane), Rubus Occidentales (black raspberry cane) and Rubus neglectus (raspberry cane purple).

The raspberries also qualify according to the season in which they come to fruition. Most of the varieties are of summer, nevertheless, autumn raspberries exist and although the volume of the harvest is minor, they extend the period of compilation of these fruits.

In Spain producing areas are a Huelva, Asturias, Caceres and the region of the Maresme in Barcelona. The Spanish market is nourished also of imports realized from Chile and Central America.

HIS BEST EPOCH

The raspberries, according to the variety, mature of form staggered during the summer months and brought in the autumn, therefore we can taste them during July, August, September and October.

CHARACTERISTICS

It forms: it is an infrutescencia of round or conical form. The raspberry is formed by many drupes or rough grains very next and arranged in pineapple. Every drupe has a fluff of yellow color adherent I pray.

Size and weight: his base has between 15 and 20 millimeters in diameter. A raspberries cup has an approximate weight of approximately 125 grams.

Color: the skin is velvety, of red color a scarlet cloth and it is covered of a thin perceptible hair when it is tasted, although there exist varieties of yellow, white or black color.

Flavor: The pulp, beefy, juicy and of sweet and sour flavor, very aromatic and perfumed, it lodges in his interior tiny seeds that they do not hinder when the native is consumed.

For the compilation of the raspberries of table it is necessary to be careful of not spoiling the fruits. For it a few small baskets take to the field with lid, capable of containing half a kilogram. The worker doubles the branch of the fruit towards the basket placed in the soil, cuts with the scissors the fruits stopping a little of leaf stalk and makes them fall down straight in the basket.

The fruits destined for the industry are gathered also mature, although the compilation is usually a mechanics. The tier combs by means of two high cylindrical locks provided with long metallic teeth that shake the stems making the mature fruits fall down on a retractable platform. By means of air jets the sheets and strange bodies are eliminated and the fruits come clean to a long mobile canvas where the final selection is realized.


HOW TO CHOOSE IT


The fruits have to be thick, with the consistent pulp and a brilliant and intense coloration. They have to be hard and free of mold and have to feel dry and fresh to the tact. The stem will have to be of a living green color.


The raspberries are gathered when they are well mature and have lost all his acidity. In the just moment of his maturation the raspberry separates easily of the stem. This fruit is extremely delicate and perishable, since his numerous grains full of juice are so sensitive that the manipulation, the heat or simply the contact of some with others spoils both his appearance and his quality. Once in the hearth, it is convenient to keep them without washing and without covering in a flat packing, in only one he gelds, and of hermetic closing in the refrigerator.



Composition for 100 grams of eatable portion
Calories 39
Carbohydrates (g) 8
Fibre (g) 7,4
Potassium (mg) 220
Magnesium (mg) 22
Calcium (mg) 41
Vitamin C (mg) 25
Folatos (mcg) 45
mcg = micrograms
NOURISHING PROPERTIES


It is a fruit that contributes an outstanding quantity of fibre, which improves the intestinal transit. It constitutes a good vitamin source C, citric acid and acidic elágico, flavonoides and folatos, minerals as the potassium, the magnesium and the calcium, the last one of worse use than the one that comes from the milk or other food that are a good source of the above mentioned mineral. The vitamin C has antirust action, as the acid elágico and the flavonoides (vegetable pigments). The above mentioned vitamin intervenes in the formation of collagen, bones and teeth, red globules and favors the absorption of the iron of the food and the resistance to the infections. The citric acid, it possesses an action disinfectant and promotes the action of the vitamin C. The acid fólico intervenes in the production of red and white globules, in the synthesis of genetic material and formation of antibodies of the immune system. The potassium is necessary for the transmission and generation of the nervous impulse, for the normal muscular activity and it intervenes in the water balance inside and out of the cell. The magnesium is related to the functioning of intestine, nerves and muscles, is part of bones and teeth, improves the immunity and possesses a soft laxative effect.




AS REGARDS THE HEALTH
The raspberries are a few fruits that refresh and stimulate the appetite. A cup of raspberries (125 grams) contains approximately 10 grams of fibre. Despite his small size and to that his consumption, inside the Mediterranean nutritive habits, limits itself to his use like ornamental fruit in different plates, it is a big fibre bearer. To this substance there assumes to him an out-standing protective effect of the organism, due to a mechanism of sequestration of potentially harmful substances. The fibre "catches" certain compounds (biliary acids, colestero...) that are excreted together with the dregs, what he benefits to the persons with hipercolesterolemia or litiasis biliary. Also it accelerates the intestinal transit, reducing the time of contact of some of these harmful substances with the intestinal textile, what he prepares or improves the constipation and reduces the risk of cancer of colon.

The raspberries are an excellent vitamin source C, nutrient with verified antirust action, as the flavonoides and the acid elágico. All these compounds help to reduce the risk of degenerative, cardiovascular illnesses and enclosed of the cancer. Also, the vitamin C has the aptitude to favor the absorption of the iron of the food, therefore it improves or prepares the anemia ferropénica and the resistance to the infections. There exist certain vital situations in which the organic needs for vitamin C are increased, as: pregnancy, lactation, nicotinism, employment of certain medicines, stress and diminished defenses, intense sports practice, cancer, AIDS and chronic inflammatory illnesses. In these situations, the consumption of raspberries or other fruits rich in vitamin C is indicated especially.

For his acid plenty fólico or folatos, essential vitamin in the processes of division and cellular multiplication that they take place in the first months of gestation, his consumption turns out to be suitable or interesting for the pregnant women to prepare the forked thorn, alteration in the development of the nervous system (pipe neural) of the fetus.

For his high content in potassium and low in sodium, they turn out to be very advisable for those persons who suffer arterial hypertension or complaints of blood glasses and heart. Nevertheless, his consumption will have to be born in mind by the persons who suffer from renal insufficiency and who need of special diets controlled in this mineral. Nevertheless, to whom they take diuretics that eliminate potassium and to the persons with bulimia, due to the episodes of autoinduced vomiting that provoke big losses of this mineral, the raspberry consumption is convenient for them.


CURIOSITIES
The raspberry is used especially in the pharmaceutical industry to improve the flavor of some medicines.

According to the packing in which they are placed they can lose his coloration, because the pigments responsible for his brilliant red original return of violet or bluish color if they contact the present metallic ions in certain packings of aluminum, tinplate or iron.


HOW TO PREPARE THEM AND TO PRESERVE THEM

This fruit does not have to wash itself with water before consuming it, since it is impregnated quickly and loses all his consistency and flavor. The raspberries they can consume fresh airs, like ingredient of crepes or mixed with yogurt, ice cream, pastries or puding. The raspberries purée with a honey teaspoonful can be used as it cremates for a dessert. The flavor of the raspberries is intense and his presence is clear although it is mixed by other fruits. Also they are used in the preparation of jellies, jams, compotes and jams, being, after the strawberries, the most popular soft fruits in the making of this type of products.

The raspberry juice is much appreciated in Germany and Scandinavia like refreshing drink. In England, the raspberries sauce is used to spray the puddings of rice and the porridges. In Berlin there is famous the weisse mit Schuss, drink that makes use in the breweries in the one that there find mixed lager, syrup of raspberries and soda. In Scotland, the grouse is refilled by wild raspberries, but where these fruits give the best thing of, is in the desserts. Between the liquids scented with raspberry there is the syrup of raspberry, which is prepared macerating the above mentioned berries in wine vinegar and constitutes a fantastic seasoning for the salads. In Eastern bloc of Europe it is used for the firewater manufacture.



JAM OF RASPBERRIES


40'
minimum

Ingredients

-1 kilo of raspberries
- 700 grams of sugar

To clean the raspberries of his stems and to set to boil in water on slow fire, without stopping removing so that they do not get hooked up. To allow to reduce a third part. Next, to be adding the sugar little by little, to hope until he should remain well dissolved and to raise the fire so that he boils the miscellany during 5 minutes. Finally, to tipple and to allow to cool. Once fry, the jam is packed in a crystal receptacle and he wraps up.



 
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