Khaki
KHAKI.
INTRODUCTION

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The khaki also known as holy stick, is a tropical fruit that belongs to the family of the Ebanáceas. There exist different species of consumption differentiated, of size and flavor, between which they stand out; the khaki of China (D. Kaki), that of Japan (D. Lotus) and the American (D. Virginia). The most cultivated is that of China, with a weight that ranges between the 80 and 250 grams according to the variety, of red or orange or yellow color, according to his content in carotenos, and of orange, sweet and juicy pulp, with a light rough retaste, according to his tannins content.




ORIGIN AND VARIETIES


This fruit is a native of China and Japan, where it is cultivated from the VIIIth century. Later it was introduced in the western countries: in the United States, at the beginning of the XIXth century and in France, Spain and Italy, about 1870.

At present, the principal producing countries are Japan, China, the United States, Brazil, India, Israel and, in Europe, Italy and Spain. In Spain it is cultivated in Valencia and Castellón, but he emphasizes the productive profitability of Andalusia (Huelva, Seville, Malaga and Granada), where the "khaki - apple" is cultivated principally; not astringent variety. Most of the production in Spain of khakis (astringents and not astringents) devotes itself to the exportation to other countries like France, Germany and Portugal. The varieties split according to his astringency. The "astringents" are the most common and they need a suitable maturation for his consumption (Tomatero, Fat person, Red Brilliant, etc.). "Not astringents" are those of major consumption, between them, "type apple", Sharon (or Sharoni or Triumph) and Fuyu.

HIS BEST EPOCH

The varieties Red Brilliant and Tomatero can be bought from ends of October until February. The Sharon, from November until March.

CHARACTERISTICS

It forms: with rounded form, similar to an apple or to a tomato.

Size and weight: it presents a few dimensions of up to 7 centimeters in diameter and a weight from 80 to 250 grams, according to the variety.

Color: the skin is smooth, it dies, glossy and of yellow, orange color or purple and the pulp, orange or reddish.

Flavor: The pulp is in some varieties gelatinous (Red Brilliant and Tomatero), with a texture similar to the jam. Nevertheless, in others it is very consistent and compact and even so it lasts like that of an apple (Sharon). His flavor resembles a miscellany between peach, apricot and pear, sweet and very soft.

The astringency of the fruit owes to the presence of tannins in the pulp that are diminishing with the maturation. The stiff one is carried out principally of manual form since it is a very fragile fruit.


HOW TO CHOOSE IT AND TO PRESERVE IT


The astringent khaki must be well mature for his consumption. The copies have to discard with imperfection in the skin. Likewise it is convenient that in the buy they preserve the stem and the skullcap. It is better to acquire still hard fruits, which can survive refreshed during an approximate period of three weeks. If it is still green, it is necessary to leave to temperature his ambience until his maturation is completed. The khaki is a fruit very delicate and difficult to commercialize, except the variety Sharon, hard and consistent, the others it is necessary to consume them when they are soft and mature and in a little time, since they get damaged at once. If we want to accelerate his maturation, we can introduce it in a role bag, together with other such fruits like bananas or apples. The khaki can freeze, I inform or his pulp, in whose case recommends to itself to add lemon juice to prevent from faltering his color.



Composition for 100 grams of eatable portion
Calories 65,6
Carbohydrates (g) 16
Fibre (g) 1,6
Potassium (mg) 190
Magnesium (mg) 9,5
Provitamina A (mcg) 158,3
Vitamin C (mg) 16
Acid fólico (mcg) 7
mcg = micrograms
NOURISHING PROPERTIES


His composition is different according to the variety that talks each other, but all of them have in common his high water content. It contributes an important quantity of carbohydrates (fructose, glucose) and scarce of fats and proteins, by what his caloric value is raised enough with regard to other fruits. As for his fibre contribution, it contains pectin, of soluble type, in moderate quantity. With regard to his content of vitamins and minerals, stands out the provitamina A or beta - caroteno, that his typical color, the vitamin awards him to the fruit C and the potassium. The beta caroteno transforms in vitamin A in our similar organism this one needs it. The vitamin A is essential for the vision, the good state of the skin, the hair, the mucous membranes, the bones and for the good functioning of the immune system. The vitamin C intervenes in the formation of collagen, bones and teeth, red globules and favors the absorption of the iron of the food and the resistance to the infections. Both vitamins, they fulfill also an antirust function. The potassium, it is a mineral necessary for the transmission and generation of the nervous impulse and for the normal muscular activity, it intervenes in the water balance inside and out of the cell. In minor proportion certain vitamins of the group are B (B1, B2, and B3) and the minerals, calcium, phosphorus, iron and sodium.




AS REGARDS THE HEALTH
The khaki is a very sweet fruit and of easy consumption. Once I mature, he opens with facility and the pulp one can eat with spoon or knife, according to the variety that talks each other, what makes them especially attractive for the smallest. And for the same motive, bearing in mind also his nourishing properties, also they are very advisable for the young people, the adults, the sportsmen, the pregnant women or nursing mothers and the biggest persons.

For his provitamina contribution A, his consumption is recommended to the whole population, and especially, to whom they have a major risk of suffering lacks of the above mentioned vitamin: persons who must carry out a diet low in fat and therefore with a scarce vitamin content A or for those who have a few developing nourishing needs. Some of these situations are: periods of growth, pregnancy and breast feeding. Likewise, the tobacco, the abuse of the alcohol, the employment of certain medicines, the stress, the intense physical activity, the cancer and the AIDS, and the chronic inflammatory illnesses. The vitamins A and C, as antirust, they help to reduce the risk of cardiovascular, degenerative diseases and of cancer. His wealth in pectin makes them advisable to treat the constipation, of course, in his ripeness point. Also, for his wealth in potassium and under sodium contribution, they turn out to be very advisable for those persons who suffer from arterial hypertension or cardiovascular complaints. His potassium content, it will have to be born in mind by the persons who suffer from renal insufficiency and who need of special diets controlled in this mineral.


CURIOSITIES
Diospyros, comes from the Greek Dios =divino and pyros =fruto, what refers to the tasty fruits of some species. The khaki denomination, it comes from "Kaki", the name in Japanese of the fruit, being Japan one of the principal producing countries. The tree of the khaki usually does not overcome 10 meters high and the wood of his trunk is used very much in cabinet-making.


HOW TO PREPARE IT

Fresh air is consumed especially and in his point of ripeness, mature good; although also it is used for the making of desserts, drinks, batters, ice creams and jams. In the United States, China and Japan, the dried fruits are considered to be an exquisite delicacy.

















MOUSSE OF KHAKI

4
45'
way

Ingredients
Ingredients

- 4 mature khakis
- 100 grams chocolate
- 6 eggs
- 100 gramosde sugar
- 2 gelatine spoonfuls in dust

To beat three egg yolks with the sugar and next to set in a ladle to the bain-marie. To add the pulp of the khakis and 2 water glasses. To remove the content until it begins to thicken. To add the chocolate to bits and to remove until it dissolves. To do the gelatine as the instructions of the packing. Next to add the gelatine to the ladle and to separate of the fire. When it should cool down a little, to add the clear raids on the verge of snow. To remove energetically to obtain a homogeneous miscellany. To place the miscellany in 4 dessert glasses and to refresh until the mousse curdles. To decorate with a mint leaflet and a few redcurrants.



 
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