Passion fruit or Fruit of the Passion
PASSION FRUIT OR FRUIT OF THE PASSION.
INTRODUCTION

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There are different the species of the family of the Pasifloráceas that yield eatable fruits, between them the fruit of the passion or passion fruit, of flavor lightly acidulous and very aromatic. Other climbing species of the same family are important like ornamental plants. The fruit of the yellow passion (P. Edulis flavicarpa) is of yellow color, in the shape of berry and with a sweet and sour flavor. The fruit of the purple passion (P. Edulis sims) purple is smaller and of color or resided. The passionflower (P. Edulis Ligularis), it is another variety of the fruit of the passion also known as sweet passionflower, of brown orange, golden or yellow color with small white faces.




ORIGIN AND VARIETIES


It is an original fruit of Central America. Brazil is possibly the biggest producer followed by Colombia, Venezuela and the whole Central America. Also there takes place in Kenya, Côte d'Ivoire, south of Africa and Australia. The European market receives in addition to the fruits species, yellow, residence and passionflower, a big variety of hybrids. Brazil produces the following varieties: Ouropretano, Muico, Peroba, Painting and the Hawaina. Australia has developed resistant hybrids, between others, Redland Triangular. In Hawaii there is the variety Noél Especial, whose fruits can weigh up to 90 grams; yellow rind and dark, very juicy orange pulp.

HIS BEST EPOCH

It is free from October until April, although his best period is in winter.

CHARACTERISTICS

It forms: it is like a round or ovoid berry, being the yellow variety and the passionflower those of major size. The thickness of the skin depends on the variety. In the sweet passionflower, the rind is smooth, it lasts and quilted to protect to the pulp and his form is egg-shaped, with an end finished in top.

Size and weight: there has a diameter from 35 to 80 millimeters and a 30 grams approximate weight. The fruit of the yellow passion is longer than the residence and it can go so far as to weigh up to 100 grams.

Color: his skin changes between the yellow one or the purple one and orange, according to the variety. The internal layer is white and the cavity contains big quantity of covered pips of an orange or yellow and greenish, very tasty and aromatic meat. The passionflower is replete with creaking seeds of black - greyish color.

Flavor: it has a very refreshing, exotic, fruity sweet and sour flavor and with a light note to apricot. The sweet passionflower has a gelatinous, viscous pulp, of flavor more sweet than other varieties and very aromatic, with a consistency similar to a jam.

The compilation is realized when the fruit of the passion, yellow or purple, is mature, falls down to the soil and begins wrinkling, but to be able to export fresh air, the harvest must be realized before the above mentioned process begins. Eliminating the skin and the seeds, there is obtained the pure juice, which supposes approximately 32 % of the entire weight.

For his stiff one, the fruit of the passion must be selected and cut manually. Later it is packed in boxes with holes to allow the ventilation.


HOW TO CHOOSE IT AND TO PRESERVE IT


The fruit of the passion has a smooth skin that wrinkles to the little of buying it, what indicates that it is mature and that he has suffered a small loss of moisture. The wrinkled fruits must be consumed by the biggest briefness.


The passionflower owes to allow to temperature ambience so that it matures and his flavor is smoothed and sweetens. Once it matures can keep in the icebox for one week or it is possible to freeze in entire pieces or extracting the pulp, staying like that in ideal conditions for months.



NOURISHING PROPERTIES


The water is his principal component. It contains a high carbohydrates quantity therefore his caloric value is very high.


It is necessary to emphasize his provitamina content A, vitamin C and with regard to the minerals, his contribution of potassium, phosphorus and magnesium. The yellow variety is richer in minerals and in provitamina A that the residence.


Also, it contains a high quantity of fibre, which improves the intestinal transit and reduces the risk of certain alterations and illnesses.


The provitamina A or beta caroteno transforms in vitamin A in our similar organism this one needs it. The above mentioned vitamin is essential for the vision, the good state of the skin, the hair, the mucous membranes, the bones and for the good functioning of the immune system. The vitamin C intervenes in the formation of collagen, bones and teeth, red globules and favors the absorption of the iron of the food and the resistance to the infections. Both vitamins fulfill also an antirust function. The potassium is a mineral necessary for the transmission and generation of the nervous impulse and for the normal muscular activity, it intervenes in the water balance inside and out of the cell. The phosphorus intervenes in the formation of bones and teeth and takes part in the energy metabolism. The magnesium is related to the functioning of intestine, nerves and muscles, also it is part of bones and teeth, improves the immunity and possesses a soft laxative effect.




AS REGARDS THE HEALTH
It is a sweet, refreshing fruit and of easy consumption, rich in substances of antirust action, I motivate by which his consumption is adapted, bearing in mind also his nourishing properties, for the whole population: children and young people, adults, sportsmen, pregnant women or nursing mothers and major persons.

For his provitamina contribution A and vitamin C, his consumption is recommended especially to those who have a major risk of suffering lacks of the above mentioned vitamins: persons who do not tolerate the citrus fruits, the pepper or other vegetables, which are an almost exclusive vitamin source C in our feeding; for those who must carry out a diet low in fat and therefore with a scarce vitamin content A or for persons whose nourishing needs are increased. Some of these situations are: periods of growth, pregnancy and breast feeding. Likewise, the tobacco, the abuse of the alcohol, the employment of certain medicines, the stress and diminished defenses, the intense physical activity, the cancer and the AIDS, and the chronic inflammatory illnesses diminish the use and produce bad nutrients absorption.

The vitamins A and C, like antirust, they help to reduce the risk of multiple illnesses, between them, cardiovascular, the degenerative ones and even the cancer. The vitamin C increases the iron absorption, therefore it improves the anemia ferropénica.

His suppressed fibre high place awards his laxative properties. The fibre prepares or improves the constipation, helps to reduce the cholesterol valuations in blood and to the good control of the glycemia (sugar levels in blood) in the persons who have diabetes. He exercises an effect saciante, what he benefits to the persons who carry out a diet to lose weight, bearing in mind the quantity to consume.

His potassium content, it will have to be born in mind by the persons who suffer from renal insufficiency and who need of special diets controlled in this mineral. Nevertheless, who take diuretics that eliminate potassium and the persons with bulimia will benefit from his consumption, since in these fruits the above mentioned mineral abounds.


CURIOSITIES
The flower of the passion is fascinating and it is used often to symbolize facts happened in the last hours of the life of Jesus Christ, hence the plant receives this name. Also, his flowers are used by therapeutic ends in case of insomnia.


HOW TO PREPARE IT

Most of the production of the fruit of the passion or passion fruit devotes itself to the juice making, although also it is gaining popularity as dessert. The gelatinous pulp takes with the help of a spoon, using the rind as receptacle. It turns out to be slightly uncomfortable to separate the seeds of the pulp in the mouth. To obtain his juice, the pulp filters by means of a colander, and later it is beaten by mixer. It serves like complement to give a note of exotic flavor in juices, sherbets, fruit salads of fruits, ice creams, creams and diverse types of desserts. The passionflower takes with teaspoon and, in contrast to the passion fruit, the seeds turn out to be creaking and delightful together with the pulp, of consistency similar to a jam.











FRUIT OF THE PASSION WITH MILK

4
10'
minimum

Ingredients

- 8 fruits of the passion
- 150 milliliters of concentrated milk
- lemon juice

To cut the fruits of the passion for the half and to add little concentrated milk. To fall with a few lemon juice drops. To serve to the table to consume with teaspoon.



 
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