Lemon
LEMON.
INTRODUCTION

MONTH
AND
F
Mr
Ab
My
Jn
Jl
Ag
S
OR
N
D

The lemon and the lime are two citrus fruits of the genre Citrus that belong to the family of the Rutáceas. This family understands more than 1.600 species. The botanical genre Citrus is the most important of the group, and it consists of approximately 20 species with eatable fruits very abundant all of them in vitamin C, flavonoides and essential oils. The fruits, called hespérides, have the peculiarity of which his endocarpio is formed by numerous vesicles full of juice.

The lemon and the lime are used fundamentally to prepare or to realize the flavor of other fruits or plates and culinary preparations.




ORIGIN AND VARIETIES

The lemon tree takes place in areas of moderate climate and at present it is cultivated in all the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, especially in Italy, Spain, Portugal and the United States. The plant traveled from the Middle East up to Spain and the north of Africa during the Middle Age. The lime is original of the Asian Southeast, Persia (Iran) and Malaysia, although it is cultivated in all the subtropical tropical and great countries.

The most commercialized varieties:


Eureka: the fruit is of average size, of elliptical or ovoid form. It is a variety without seeds and with very much juice. His cultivation is extended all over the world, although the United States is in the head as for the production.

Lisbon: juicy, acidic and of rough crust. The fruit is of average, elliptical or oblong size. The content in seeds is variable, but major than Eureka. The compilation is realized during the winter until spring beginning.

Primofiori: also called dry sherry, his form is spherical to oval. The crust of the fruits is thin, smooth and it has very much juice and a delicate acidity. It has major number of seeds than the variety Verna.

Verna: his form is lengthened and the ends finish in top. Almost it has no seeds and presents a level relatively low of acidity. It is one of the principal varieties of European lemon produced in Spain and Italy.

HIS BEST EPOCH

The lemon and the lime are available on our markets the whole year. The compilation periods in Spain of the lemon Primofiori go from the beginning of October at the end of February. Those of the Verna and Eureka, from the beginning of February at the end of May.

CHARACTERISTICS

It forms: the lemon has an oval or elliptical form, according to the variety.

Size and weight: the lemons are calibrated in a scale of descending diameters between 0 and 9, corresponding 0 to a diameter of approximately 85 millimeters and 9 to approximately 30.

Color: the lemon is a fruit between yellow and green, with a strong crust that conceals a spongy and insipid white layer and his pulp it has a yellowish pale tone, formed by eight or ten segments or segments that shut small pips up.

Flavor: the flavor of the lemon is acidic and very agreeable.


HOW TO CHOOSE THEM


It is convenient to choose those copies that seem weighed for his size, with the smooth, firm, brilliant rind and of intense green color. The small brown spots that they can present in the rind, although it takes attraction from them, do not affect to the flavor. The soft or dried pieces must be discarded.


The healthy lemons, lacking in defects caused by injuries due to the handling and transport, burns of the sun, frosts, hail, virus, causative fungi of rottenness or bad refrigerating conservation (incorrect temperature, moisture or ventilation), can survive perfectly and for several weeks to temperature ambience without need to use the refrigerator. If cold sources are used they can survive in ideal conditions up to one month.



Composition for 100 grams of eatable portion
Calories 40,2
Carbohydrates (g) 9
Fibre (g) 1
Potassium (mg) 149
Magnesium (mg) 18
Acid fólico (mcg) 7
Vitamin C (mg) 50
mcg = micrograms
NOURISHING PROPERTIES


His majority component is the water. There are the fruits of minor caloric value, although it is necessary to bear in mind that they are not completed like fresh fruit but only his juice. He emphasizes his content in vitamin C, citric acid and substances of astringent action. The most abundant mineral is the potassium. The vitamin C intervenes in the formation of collagen, bones and teeth, red globules and favors the absorption of the iron of the food and the resistance to the infections. The citric acid, it possesses an action disinfectant and promotes the action of the vitamin C. The potassium is necessary for the transmission and generation of the nervous impulse, for the normal muscular activity and it intervenes in the water balance inside and out of the cell.




AS REGARDS THE HEALTH
Due to his nourishing properties and the contribution of substances of antirust action, his consumption is very advisable for the children, the young people, the adults, the sportsmen, the pregnant women or nursing mothers and the biggest persons. The wealth in vitamin C and citric acid of the lemon and the lime helps to prepare infectious illnesses, stimulating the immune system and creating defenses against virus and bacteria. For it, his consumption is recommended especially to those who have a major risk of suffering lacks of the above mentioned vitamin. Some of these situations are: periods of growth, pregnancy and breast feeding. Likewise, the tobacco, the abuse of the alcohol, the employment of certain medicines, the stress, diminished defenses, the intense physical activity, the cancer, the AIDS and the digestive losses caused by chronic inflammatory illnesses diminish the use and produce bad nutrients absorption.

The vitamin C, like antirust, helps to reduce the risk of multiple illnesses, between them, cardiovascular, the degenerative ones and even the cancer. Also, because the vitamin C increases the absorption of the iron of the food, it is advised in case of anemia ferropénica, accompanying to the food rich in iron or to the supplements of this mineral since this accelerates the recovery.

The citric acid has antiseptic properties and alcalinizadoras of the urine, for what to take bright green lemon juice or diluted, he benefits those who have calculations or litiasis renal (especially for uric acid salt), hiperuricemia or drop, since it facilitates the elimination of uric acid for the urine

His content of astringent substances, he awards beneficial properties in case of diarrhea (water of lemon, home-made whey). The lemon juice is an outstanding option like substitute of the vinegar in salads and other culinary preparations for his nourishing qualities.


CURIOSITIES
Normally the lemons are harvested before they have just matured. To complete the maturation process they are stored in a place got acclimatized to a temperature of 10ºC and moisture of 80 %. During the process, the color of the skin changes the green to the yellow one. The crust of the lemon contains an extract that is used very much in perfumery and to prepare employment aromas in confectioner's and confectionery. The pulp was used earlier to obtain citric acid and now it is used to prepare juice or juice of concentrated lemon, which is used in medicine by his high content in vitamin C. The lime is a fundamental ingredient of the Brazilian drink so called caipirinha (cut ice, it files, rum and mint) as well as of the punch of rum of the Antilles.


HOW TO PREPARE IT

The consumption of the lemon is not realized usually in fresh air but like culinary seasoning. The juice or lemon juice is used very much like refreshment, like ingredient of other drinks, seasoning of salads and plates of fish and flavoring.

It is frequent to use his juice to prepare refreshing drinks or his pulp in the dressmaking of different products like jam or jelly. The lime refreshments present bottlings to themselves and added of sugar, being the gimlet of the most emaciated. The lime combines very well with the handle, the papaya and other tropical fruits, heightening his flavor.



LEMON SOFT DRINK WITH ICE OR LIMA AND PEACH

4
20'
minimum

Ingredients

- 4 lemons or limes
- 250 grams of peach
- 1 liter of water
- 200 grams of sugar
- cut ice

To do a juice with the lemon or lime and to strain it. To clean and trocear the peaches and to liquefy them. To mix the juice of lemon, the juice of peach, the water and the sugar. To sting the ice in the mixer and to fill half of a glass. To add the previous miscellany and to remove with a spoon. To introduce a straw and to serve.



 
©Fundación Eroski
In CONSUMER.es EROSKI we take very seriously the privacy of your information, legal notice.

Our Sponsor of the month